By Elliott Wave International
The great game of Wall Street — where huge amounts of money are at stake every trading day.
Many speculators play this game by watching for events outside of the stock market that they believe will “trigger” the next big move in prices.
However, the real driver of all those green up arrows and red down arrows is nothing more or less than investor psychology. This famous Kal’s cartoon sums it up perfectly:
First investor: “I’ve got a stock here that could really excel.”
Second investor: “Really excel?”
Fourth investor: “Sell?” — and the crowd goes, “Sell, sell, sell!”
First investor again: “This is madness! I can’t take it any more, good bye!”
Second investor: “Good bye?”
Third investor: “Buy?” — and the crowd goes: “Buy, buy buy!”
As random and unpredictable as this cartoon makes it look, EWI’s research reveals that investor psychology actually goes through similar phases during every market cycle. So, if you know the current psychological phase of the market, you can make a high-confidence prediction about the next phase.
This leads us to what we call Elliott waves, which are simply reflections of these psychological phases. In other words, each wave represents a set of investor attitudes, sentiments and behaviors during a specific phase of the market cycle.
The Wall Street classic book, Elliott Wave Principle: Key to Market Behavior, by Frost & Prechter, states:
… a knowledge of wave personality can be invaluable. Recognizing the character of a single wave can often allow you to interpret correctly the complexities of the larger pattern.
Specifically, EWI’s analysts have observed that the stock market trend develops in five waves, while the reaction against it develops in three waves. So, in a bull market, expect five waves up, followed by a downward move of three waves. In a bear market, expect five waves down, with the upward correction occurring in three waves.
With all of the above in mind, consider these recent expressions of investor psychology. The news excerpts were compiled by the editors of our Elliott Wave Financial Forecast and shown in the March issue:
Do these positive investor sentiments seem odd in the face of the stock market volatility that occurred after the January 26 DJIA high?
Well, there is an explanation.
The March Financial Forecast said:
The bullish response to the market’s decline is exactly what the Wave Principle suggests should occur at a trend reversal. Near the end of a second-wave rally in a bear market, Elliott Wave Principle by Frost and Prechter states that “investors are thoroughly convinced” that the bull market “is back to stay.”
Yet, the third waves that follow second waves do convince investors that a bear market is underway. The reason is that third waves are broad, and usually generate high volume and big price moves.
At this point, the trend is unmistakable.
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