Now, the fact that specs aggressively bought is not unusual. The peculiar relationship is the minimal impact all this buying had on the market. (AUDUSD, UUP, FXA) Markets generally go in the direction of the money flow. Concentrated buying moves markets higher and selling sends the market lower. This market did go higher, but not by much, and it has since reversed. Under the 1.04 handle, there may be more spec longs with a loss than there are with profits.
What if the specs have chosen the wrong side of the market, and instead we are headed lower?
Let us reconstruct how we got here. Even those with only a cursory awareness of the Chinese stimulus and consequent building boom, know that Australian commodities provided the raw materials for the Chinese recovery.
The biggest export to China was iron ore. The value of the ore was 20/25% of total Australian exports during the last three years. When the Chinese applied the brakes to their economy, attempting to negotiate the fabled economic soft landing, the usage of steel and the demand for iron ore slowed.
Iron ore has been supplied to China by Australian miners BHP Billiton (BHP), Rio Tinto, (RIO) and the Brazilian miner Vale (VAL S. A.). To overcome the additional 30 days of steaming time from Brazil, Vale introduced what they named Valemax vessels. These massive bulk ore carriers, over 200,000 tons, hastened the flow of ore to China just as the economy started to contract. Now, iron ore is at a 2 1/2 year low and recovery is a distant mirage.
For Australia, the boom in commodity demand has been a mixed blessing. This is a classic case of what Investopedia calls “Dutch Disease, Negative consequences arising from large increases in a country’s income. Dutch disease is primarily associated with a natural resource discovery, but it can result from any large increase in foreign currency……”
For the Australian Dollar, the rally was dynamic. It moved from a low close to .60 during the middle of the financial crises, to above 1.10. As the commodity boom expanded, creating Australian wealth, the Reserve Bank of Australia decided, in the name of controlling inflation, they would raise rates.
This of course sent the Aussie higher. At that time, most global economies were struggling, and money rates were low. Investors, unable to find yield elsewhere, moved their investments to Australia. As the money flowed into Australia, the Aussie moved higher.
At the end of 2011, the Australian Office of Financial Management estimated that 80% of the outstanding government debt, over A$200B, was owned by non-Australians. Global market conditions will influence whether foreign investors will continue to hold the debt, or will they become frightened and move the money elsewhere. Naturally, a concentrated movement from Australia would hurt the currency.
The remnants of the commodity boom may have contributed to bad policies and possibly some expensive habits. During the good times it is easy to be complacent, and forget that economic cycles do not last forever. Last year Australia, by a slender margin, passed a comprehensive carbon tax bill. The Greens may feel good about this bill but for those producing or consuming energy, the bill is a labyrinth of government policies.
Most Australian utilities depend on coal as their energy source. These utilities must pay $23 for each ton of carbon released into the atmosphere. For the utilities they must raise the rates to pay for the higher costs, but this a jackpot of new revenues for the government. Some residential consumers will receive subsidies from the government depending upon income.
For the manufacturing sector, hurt by the elevated level of the Aussie, this is one more major blow. High labor costs, a by-product of the mining boom, and interest rates, has already put the manufacturer at a big disadvantage.
There are many problems with the carbon tax. In Europe, where they have a free market for the ‘carbon trade’, it is trading for less than A$10 per ton. This week the government said they were scrapping their $15/ton minimum floor price in the confusing trading scheme.
This new law adds new workers and regulations to collect and disperse the carbon tax funds. And with carbon prices per ton less than $23T this year and 24.15T next year, what are the chances tax revenues will be far less than the new welfare giveaways the bill is intended to pay. Will this be a drain on the Aussie budget?
Despite the commodity boom in Australia, when prices were high and exports were soaring, Australia still had a current account deficit. In the first quarter of 2012, after the demand had started to slow, the Australian current deficit was AUD14,892M. Since 2008, Australia has had a current account deficit in every quarter. Should Chinese demand continue to languish, a wider current account deficit would be expected. Will this frighten investors who have been pouring money into Australia?
We note, then, that the speculators are loaded up long the A$, and have yet to be rewarded for the position. Longer-term, we see some fundamental reason the currency can work lower. Events elsewhere in the world may influence risk appetite and consequent A$ demand. Next week will be interesting with the RBA meeting on the 4th, the ECB Press Conference on the 6th, and the US payroll reports on the 7th. We are inclined to use strength to sell the A$.
Written by CashBackForex.com
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